Journal of Language Teaching and Research, Vol 5, No 1 (2014), 63-69, Jan 2014
doi:10.4304/jltr.5.1.63-69

Improving Students Listening Skill through Interactive Multimedia in Indonesia

Arono Arono

Abstract


Leraning method inovation will influence learning media used and it is hoped to improve learning qualities. One of them is improving students’ critical listening ability. This research was done to know the students activities in learning critical listening  by using interactive multimedia and to measure the effetiveness of that multimedia in improving students’ critical listening ability. The data was taken through test, observation, and interview. The result of the research were (1) the students created active, creative, and effective learning process independenly in measuring and developing each step of listening learning model. (2) Interactive multimedia was effective learning media to improve students’ critical listening skill. It could be seen from improving critical listening ability in limited test at experiment class was 42,98%, whereas at control class the rise was only 7,36%. For extensive test, the improving of critical listening ability at experiment class was 33,88%, while control class was only up at 2,62%. (3) Critical listening strategy performance in PMAI Model could improve students’ critical listening ability so that this model is better to be applied as an implimentation of reference in listening learning model. (4) Learning media with interactive multimedia can improve students’ critical listening skill than audio learning media because listening is not only aural aspet but also visual aspect integrated with multimedia.



Keywords


effectiveness; interactive multimedia; critical listening skill

References


[1] Anderson, P. (1972). Language Skill in Elementary Education. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.
 
[2] Blanco, Harold. (2007). "A Case Study of Language Learning in a Multimedia Spanish Class Environment in an Upward Bound Program" A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the College of Education of Ohio University.
 
[3] Brown, H. Douglas. (2004). Language Assesment, Principles, and Classroom Practies. San Francisco: Longman.
 
[4] Chapple, L. & A. Curtis. (2000). Content-based instruction in Hong Kong: student responses to film. System, 28, 419-423.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0346-251X(00)00021-X
 
[5] Costa, W. (1985). Developing Mind: A Resource Book for Teaching Thinking. Alexandria:ASCD.
 
[6] Embi, M.A. & Latiff, A. A. (2004). Trainees' perception on E-Learn: A Malaysian based ESL Web Site, Internet Journal of e-Language Learning & Teaching, 1(2), 48-57.
 
[7] Field, J. (2009). Listening in the Language Classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 
[8] Flowerdew, J. & Lindsay M. (2005). Second Langage Listening. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
 
[9] Fraenkel, Jack R. & Norman E. Wallen. (2007). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education (Seventh Edition). Boston: Mc Graw Hill.
 
[10] Greene, Harry A. et al. (1969). Developing Language Skills in The Elementary Schools. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.
 
[11] Ginther, A. (2002). "Context and Content Visual and Peformance on Listening Comprehension Stimuli. Language Testing", 19 (2), 133-167.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1191/0265532202lt225oa
 
[12] Harris, V. (2007). "Exploring Progression: Reading and Listening Strategy Instruction With Nearbeginner Learners of French". Language Learning Journal, 35(2), 189-204.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09571730701599229
 
[13] Ivers, K. S., & Barron, A. E. (2002). Multimedia Projects in Education. (Second Edition) Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited.
 
[14] Jones, Linda C. (2008). "Listening Comprehension Technology: Building the Bridge from Analog to Digital". CALICO Journal, 25(3), p-p 400-419.University of Arkansas.
 
[15] Logan, Lilian M. et al. (1972).Creative Communication: Teaching the Languge Arts. Toronto: Mc Graw-Hill Ryerson Ltd.
 
[16] Mayer, R E., & P. Chandler. (2001). When Learning is Just a Click Away: Does Simple Interaction Foster Deeper Understanding of Multimedia Messages. Journal of Educational Psychology, 93, 390-397.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.93.2.390
 
[17] Meskill, C. (1996). "Listening Skills Development Through Multimedia". Jurnal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia. (1996) 5 (2), 179-201. Department of Educational Theory and Practice, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, USA.
 
[18] Morris, Anton C. et al. (1969). College English. New York: Harcourt Boace & Word, Inc.
 
[19] Ockey, G.J. (2007). "Constuct Implikations of Including Still Image or Video in Computer Based Listening Test". Language Testing, 24 (4), 517-537.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0265532207080771
 
[20] Prabath, K. & Andleigh. (1996). Multimedia System Design. New Jersey: Prentice Hall PTR.
 
[21] Siswosumarto, S. (1994). Proses dalam Mendesain Pesan dan Memvisualisasikan Ide. Jakarta: Depdikbud.
 
[22] Sudjana, N. & A. Rivai. (2007). Media Pengajaran. Bandung: Sinar Baru Algesindo.
 
[23] Sutari, I. et al. (1997). Menyimak. Jakarta: Depdikbud.
 
[24] Suyanto, M. (2005). Multimedia Alat untuk Meningkatkan Keunggulan Bersaing. Yogyakarta: Andi.
 
[25] Tarigan, D. (1986). Keterampilan Menyimak Modul 4-6. Jakarta: Karunika.
 
[26] Tarigan, H. G. (1990). Menyimak Sebagai suatu Keterampilan Berbahasa. Bandung: Angkasa.
 
[27] Thompson, K. et al. (2009). "Integrating Listening Model: An Approach to Teaching and Learning Listening". The Journal of General Education, 53, 3–4.
 
[28] Thompson, K. et al. (2010). The Integrative Listening Model: An Approach to Teaching and Learning Listening (in the Listening and Human Comunication by Andrew D. Wolvin). United Kingdom: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
 
[29] Vandergrift, L. (1999). Facilitating Second Language Listening Comprehension: Acquiring Successful Strategies. ELT Journal, 53(3), 168-176.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/elt/53.3.168
 
[30] Van Duzer, Carol. (1997). "Improving ESL Learners' Listening Skills: At the Workplace and Beyond". http://www.cal.org/caela/esl_resources/digests/LISTENQA.html. Bandung, 4 Februari 2013.
 
[31] Yusup, P.M. (1990). Komunikasi Pendidikan dan Komunikasi Instruksional. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.


Full Text: PDF


Journal of Language Teaching and Research (JLTR, ISSN 1798-4769)

Copyright @ 2006-2014 by ACADEMY PUBLISHER – All rights reserved.