Journal of Language Teaching and Research, Vol 3, No 3 (2012), 458-465, May 2012
doi:10.4304/jltr.3.3.458-465

Teaching Listening Comprehension Skills: A Test-orientated Approach

Shao-Wen Su, Chung-Hsiang Liu

Abstract


Attributed to a “receptive skill” in the communicative process, listening comprehension would be the most arduous task of all four language skills. It is likely that EFL (English as a foreign language) students encounter various predicaments, of e.g. grasping main ideas of the dialogues in contexts, and in turn suffer from learning anxiety. The issue of how to assist the students in improving their listening competency is worth attention. This article is, therefore, intended for illustrating a test-orientated approach to teaching listening comprehension skills to EFL students through an analysis of sample questions about listening comprehension (i.e. Choosing the Right Picture, Short Questions, and Short Conversations) on GEPT tests at the elementary level and through provision of tips (i.e. Skim, Scan, Listen, Guess/Infer, Choose & Write and Check) on how to answer the questions effectively. Implications for teaching listening comprehension are also made at the end of the paper.


Keywords


General English Proficiency Test (GEPT); listening comprehension; receptive skill; teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL); test-orientated approach

References


 

Breen, M. P. (1985). Authenticity in the language classroom. Applied Linguistics, 6(1), 60-70.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/applin/6.1.60

Clark, L. & Starr, I. (1986). Secondary and Middle School Teaching Methods. New York: MacMillan.

De Swaan, A. (1995). The language constellation of the European Union. A perspective from the political sociology of language. Paper for the Second European Sociological Association Conference, Budapest, 30 August-2 September.

Garfield, E. (1998). Mapping the world of science. Paper presented at the 150 Anniversary Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Philadelphia, PA, 14 February.

Goh, C. (1997). Metacognitive awareness and second language listeners. ELT Journal, 51(4), 361-69.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/elt/51.4.361

Lai, S.-X. (2003). GEPT Listening Comprehension Test (Chinese). Taipei, Taiwan: Ivy League Jolihi.

Liu H.-R. (2009). Tung Hua New Century Series: Basic Modules of GEPT Tests (Chinese). Taipei, Taiwan: Tung Hua Company.

Lindsay, C., & Knight, P. (2006). Learning and Teaching English: A Course for Teachers. New York: Oxford University Press.

MacDonald, M., Bager, R., & White, G. (2000). The real thing?: Authenticity and academic listening. English for Specific Purposes, 19, 253-267.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0889-4906(98)00028-3

Press, L. (2000). The state of the Internet: Growth and gaps. The State of the Internet: Global Perspectives. The Internet Society. Retrieved June 6, 2011, from http://www.isoc.org/inet2000/cdproceedings/8e/8e_4.htm

Rigy, R. P. (1980). Audio-visual Aids and Techniques in Managerial and Supervisory Learning. London: Hamial Hamiton.

Salverda, R. (2002). Language diversity and international communication: Some reflections why English is necessary but not enough. English Today, 18(3). 3-11.

Su, S.-W. (2005). Graduation threshold of English competency: A needs analysis from the perspective of technological institute students (Chinese). Educational Review, 24, 47-66.

Su, S.-W. (2009a). A reflection on the teaching of foreign language teachers (Chinese). Journal of Cheng-Shiu University, 22, 357-372.

Su, S.-W. (2009b). A study of graduation threshold of English competency from the perspective of EFL teachers of technological institutions in Southern Taiwan (Chinese). Journal of National Kaohsiung Normal University, 27, 37-60.

Taylor, D. (1994). Inauthentic authenticity or authentic inauthenticity? TESL-EJ, 1(2). Retrieved November 1, 2006 from http://www-writing.berkeley.edu/TESL-EJ/ej02/a.1.html

Ur, P. (1989). Teaching Listening Comprehension. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wenden, A. (1991). Learner Strategies for Learner Autonomy. Hemel Hempstead, UK: Prentice Hall.

Zhang, Y.-C. (2003). GEPT: Elementary-level Learning Comprehension Module (Chinese). Taipei, Taiwan: Crane Publishing Co.


Full Text: PDF


Journal of Language Teaching and Research (JLTR, ISSN 1798-4769)

Copyright @ 2006-2014 by ACADEMY PUBLISHER – All rights reserved.