Journal of Language Teaching and Research, Vol 3, No 1 (2012), 153-158, Jan 2012

The Various Concepts of Curriculum and the Factors Involved in Curricula-making

Shao-Wen Su


This paper aims at probing into the nature of curriculum by critically reviewing literature relevant to the term “curriculum.” The multiple definitions associated with the term are inductively presented in conceptualizations so as to clarify what are the curricular issues that teachers should be concerned about in the school context. This paper then argues for the need to consider a broader spectrum of “curriculum” that embraces the whole aspects in the curriculum development process, for example, objectives, content, methodology, and evaluation of students, especially when a curricular review or evaluation is undertaken.


curriculum; curriculum development; curriculum evaluation; hidden curriculum; teaching methods; teaching objectives


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